Love The Skin You’re In – Recognize Your Skin Type
Just as we all have a body type or hair type, we also have a skin type. Recognizing what skin type you are can help you love and appreciate the skin you’re in and how to care for it.
Although factors like genetics, diet, stress, hormones, and medications can play a role in what skin type you have, sometimes the wrong skin care routine for your skin type can make certain skin conditions, like breakouts or dryness, worse.
In this post, we’ll help you identify your skin type based on certain characteristics, or traits, your skin displays followed by recommendations on how to properly care for your specific skin type.
In general, skin is classified into 5 basic types: dry skin type, oily skin type, combination skin type, normal skin type, and sensitive skin type.
Skin Type #1 – Dry Skin Type
Does your skin feel as dry as the Sahara Desert? Then you may be a dry skin type. Dry skin can be attributed to several different factors including climate and genetics.
Dry skin types typically have invisible pores and experience wrinkling, flaking, scaly patches, and dullness from dead skin build up.
Many dry skin types think that the key to caring for their skin is to simply add moisture. However, studies have shown that the water content of dry skin types and oily skin types are equivalent (go figure)! In fact, skin care experts say that adding water to dry skin types can make this skin type’s symptoms worse.
Dry skin type care:
- It’s recommended that dry skin types wash with a gentle creamy cleanser designed for dry skin followed by a cream, as opposed to a lotion, since creams are thicker and contain more oil to soothe dry skin symptoms.
- We also recommend that dry skin types use a gentle exfoliator at least once a week to get rid of dead skin build up that can make the skin appear dull and lifeless.
- Dry skin types can benefit from using a mineral water mist throughout the day to keep skin hydrated.
- If you live a dry environment, dry skin types will benefit from using a room humidifier to keep skin hydrated.
- Also, dry skin types should avoid taking long, hot showers that can strip natural oils from the skin.
Skin Type #2 – Oily Skin Type
Does your skin consistently look and feel like a greasy oil slick? The shine you see could be an indicator that you’re an oily skin type. Oily skin types have shiny skin, typically in the t-zone, and is characterized by large pores and frequent breakouts.
When you’re younger, oily skin can sometimes be considered a curse because of the greasiness and acne. However, as you begin to age, oily skin becomes a blessing in disguise! This is because oily skin types tend to age better that dry skin types by forming less wrinkles.
Oily skin type care:
- Avoid using products that will dry your oily skin out, likebenzoyl peroxide. Such products will cause your skin type to produce more oil!
- Oily skin types should wash with a cleanser designed to break down oil on the skin and follow up with an astringent in the morning and evening.
- Gentle exfoliation is also recommended for oily skin types, at least a couple times of week, to remove dead skin cells that can clog pores and cause breakouts.
- Oily skin types will benefit from the use of a light, oil-free lotion to moisturize as opposed to a heavy cream.
Skin Type #3 – Combination Skin Type
Is your skin, sometimes, as confused as you are? No worries! It’s said that almost 70% of women have a confused or combination skin type that is characterized by a slightly oily t-zone and dry cheeks and dry skin patches. Combination skin types have large pores on certain areas like their cheeks or forehead as opposed to all over the face, like oily skin types.
Since combination skin requires taking care of two different skin types at the same time, it’s important to find the right skin regimen to cater to both needs.
Combination skin type care:
- Wash with a cleanser designed for combination skin types followed by an astringent only on your oily areas.
- Combination skin types should exfoliate their skin a couple of times a week to remove dead skin cells that may make the skin appear dull.
- It’s also recommended that you use two different moisturizers if you have a combination skin type: a cream for dryer areas like the cheeks, for instance, and a lotion for the oilier areas, like the t-zone.
Skin Type #4 – Normal Skin Type
If you’re lucky enough to have a normal skin type then, congratulations! Normal skin types are neither too dry or too oily, they tend to have small/invisible pores, rarely have breakouts, and have little flakiness or wrinkles.
It’s important to point out that “normal skin type” does not equal “perfect skin type” (even though most of us would gladly give up our favorite designer hand bag to have it). Just like other skin types, normal skin types require some tender loving care to ensure that their skin continues to look healthy and radiant.
Normal skin type care:
- Wash with a cleanser designed for normal skin types.
- Gently exfoliate skin once a week to maintain skin’s natural radiance.
- Use a lotion or cream to maintain normal moisture levels in the skin.
Skin Type #5 – Sensitive Skin Type
Are you easily irritated? Then you may be a sensitive skin type. Sensitive skin is characterized by fine pores and thin skin. This skin type tends to be sensitive to sun and some cosmetics. Typically, sensitive skin will react to sensitivity with blotchiness, redness, and itchiness.
Because of its unpredictable nature, sensitive skin types must be extra careful when trying to find the right skin care regimen.
Sensitive skin type care:
- Sensitive skin types should steer clear of products with fragrance or harsh chemicals
- Stick with skin care products with natural ingredients
- When shopping for skin care, we recommend that sensitive types request samples of skin care before committing to full-size products or check that the store will allow returns if your skin doesn’t like them.